Mount-Etna-Lava-Supported Nanocarbons for Oxidative Dehydrogenation Reactions


  • The work in Berlin was performed in the EnerChem project of the Max Planck Society and in the CANAPE project of the 6th frame program of EU. The authors thank Mrs. Gisela Weinberg for helping with SEM and Dr. Rolf Jentoft for helping with TG experiment. D.S.S. thanks Dr. Jian Zhang, Berlin, for helpful discussions. The work in Zagreb was financially supported by the Ministry of Science, Education and Sport of the Republic of Croatia, Grant no. 098-0982904-2898. Supporting Information is available online from Wiley InterScience or from the author.


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Catalysis rocks! Basalt lava erupted from Mount Etna containing iron oxide particles can be used as catalysts and supports to synthesize and immobilize carbon nanotubes and nanofibers. The obtained composites are highly active and stable catalysts for butadiene and styrene production. The whole process is energy-saving, environmentally friendly, technically feasible, and with great potential for industrialization: no wet-chemical pretreatment of the lava or catalyst activation is needed.