A versatile platform for photodynamic therapy (PDT), mesoporous silica nanoparticles functionalized with protoporphyrin IX (PpIX-MSNs), has been developed. In vitro studies on HeLa cells show high uptake efficiency. Phototoxicity results give both irradiation time- and dosage-dependent cell death events. Because of the ease of incorporating other biomedical functional groups, we believe MSNs would be an ideal platform for biomedical applications.
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