The authors thank the National Research Fund for Fundamental Key Projects (2007CB936403) and the National Natural Science Foundation of China (20571077) for continuing financial support. Support through the Chinese Academy of Sciences is gratefully acknowledged.
Bio-Inspired, Smart, Multiscale Interfacial Materials†
Article first published online: 15 JUL 2008
Copyright © 2008 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim
Volume 20, Issue 15, pages 2842–2858, August 4, 2008
How to Cite
Xia, F. and Jiang, L. (2008), Bio-Inspired, Smart, Multiscale Interfacial Materials. Adv. Mater., 20: 2842–2858. doi: 10.1002/adma.200800836
- Issue published online: 5 AUG 2008
- Article first published online: 15 JUL 2008
- Manuscript Received: 27 MAR 2008
- National Research Fund for Fundamental Key Projects. Grant Number: 2007CB936403
- National Natural Science Foundation of China. Grant Number: 20571077
- bioinspired materials;
- smart materials;
- synthetic biology
In this review a strategy for the design of bioinspired, smart, multiscale interfacial (BSMI) materials is presented and put into context with recent progress in the field of BSMI materials spanning natural to artificial to reversibly stimuli-sensitive interfaces. BSMI materials that respond to single/dual/multiple external stimuli, e.g., light, pH, electrical fields, and so on, can switch reversibly between two entirely opposite properties. This article utilizes hydrophobicity and hydrophilicity as an example to demonstrate the feasibility of the design strategy, which may also be extended to other properties, for example, conductor/insulator, p-type/n-type semiconductor, or ferromagnetism/anti-ferromagnetism, for the design of other BSMI materials in the future.