Spatially Localized Photoluminescence at 1.5 Micrometers Wavelength in Direct Laser Written Optical Nanostructures

Authors

  • Sean Wong,

    Corresponding author
    1. Institut für Nanotechnologie, Forschungszentrum Karlsruhe in der Helmholtz-Gemeinschaft, Postfach 3640, Karlsruhe 76021 (Germany)
    • Institut für Nanotechnologie, Forschungszentrum Karlsruhe in der Helmholtz-Gemeinschaft Postfach 3640, Karlsruhe 76021 (Germany).
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  • Oliver Kiowski,

    1. Institut für Nanotechnologie, Forschungszentrum Karlsruhe in der Helmholtz-Gemeinschaft, Postfach 3640, Karlsruhe 76021 (Germany)
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  • Manfred Kappes,

    1. Institut für Nanotechnologie, Forschungszentrum Karlsruhe in der Helmholtz-Gemeinschaft, Postfach 3640, Karlsruhe 76021 (Germany)
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  • Jörg K. N. Lindner,

    1. Institut für Physik, Universität Augsburg, Augsburg 86135 (Germany)
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  • Nirajan Mandal,

    1. Department of Physics, Kenyon College, Gambier, OH 43022 (USA)
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  • Frank C. Peiris,

    1. Department of Physics, Kenyon College, Gambier, OH 43022 (USA)
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  • Geoffrey A. Ozin,

    1. Chemistry Department, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ont., M5S 3H6 (Canada)
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  • Michael Thiel,

    1. Institut für Angewandte Physik, Universität Karlsruhe (TH), Wolfgang-Gaede-Straβe 1, Karlsruhe 76131 (Germany)
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  • Markus Braun,

    1. Institut für Nanotechnologie, Forschungszentrum Karlsruhe in der Helmholtz-Gemeinschaft, Postfach 3640, Karlsruhe 76021 (Germany)
    2. Institut für Angewandte Physik, Universität Karlsruhe (TH), Wolfgang-Gaede-Straβe 1, Karlsruhe 76131 (Germany)
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  • Martin Wegener,

    1. Institut für Nanotechnologie, Forschungszentrum Karlsruhe in der Helmholtz-Gemeinschaft, Postfach 3640, Karlsruhe 76021 (Germany)
    2. Institut für Angewandte Physik, Universität Karlsruhe (TH), Wolfgang-Gaede-Straβe 1, Karlsruhe 76131 (Germany)
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  • Georg von Freymann

    Corresponding author
    1. Institut für Nanotechnologie, Forschungszentrum Karlsruhe in der Helmholtz-Gemeinschaft, Postfach 3640, Karlsruhe 76021 (Germany)
    2. Institut für Angewandte Physik, Universität Karlsruhe (TH), Wolfgang-Gaede-Straβe 1, Karlsruhe 76131 (Germany)
    • Institut für Nanotechnologie, Forschungszentrum Karlsruhe in der Helmholtz-Gemeinschaft Postfach 3640, Karlsruhe 76021 (Germany).
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Errata

This article is corrected by:

  1. Errata: Spatially Localized Photoluminescence at 1.5 Micrometers Wavelength in Direct Laser Written Optical Nanostructures Volume 20, Issue 23, Article first published online: 2 December 2008

  • We acknowledge financial support provided by the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG) and the State of Baden-Württemberg through the DFG-Center for Functional Nanostructures (CFN) within subproject A1.4. The research of G. v. F. is further supported through a DFG Emmy–Noether fellowship (DFG-Fr 1671/4-3). GAO is Government of Canada Research Chair in Materials Chemistry. He is grateful to the Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada (NSERC) for financial support of this work. The Ph.D. education of S. H. W. and M. T. is further supported by the Karlsruhe school of optics and photonics (KSOP).

Abstract

original image

A 3D direct laser writing (3D DLW) compatible photoresist, consisting of erbium-doped arsenic trisulfide (Er:As2S3) has been developed. This photoresist simultaneously possess a refractive index (n) of 2.45 and photoluminescence at 1.5 μm wavelength that is also spatially localizable. This enables 3D DLW to produce high-refractive index photonic structures with spatially selective optical activity without the need for post-processing steps.

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