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Keywords:

  • carbon nanotubes;
  • hydroentangling;
  • membranes;
  • nonwovens
Thumbnail image of graphical abstract

A tangled web: Hydroentangling, a simple, high-speed, low-cost, environmentally benign textile technology, is used to assemble individual carbon nanotubes (CNTs) into strong, electrical-conducting, multifunctional CNT nonwoven membranes. Hydroentangled CNT membranes with thicknesses ranging from 80 nm to 1.5 mm can be fabricated in as quick as 5 s per batch or up to 400 m min−1.