Advanced Materials

Recent Developments in the Application of Phosphorescent Iridium(III) Complex Systems

Authors

  • Christoph Ulbricht,

    1. Laboratory of Macromolecular Chemistry and Nanoscience Eindhoven University of Technology P.O. Box 513, 5600 MB Eindhoven (The Netherlands)
    2. Dutch Polymer Institute (DPI) P.O. Box 902, 5600 AX Eindhoven (The Netherlands)
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  • Beatrice Beyer,

    1. Dutch Polymer Institute (DPI) P.O. Box 902, 5600 AX Eindhoven (The Netherlands)
    2. Laboratory of Organic and Macromolecular Chemistry Friedrich-Schiller-University Jena Humboldtstr. 10, 07743 Jena (Germany)
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  • Christian Friebe,

    1. Dutch Polymer Institute (DPI) P.O. Box 902, 5600 AX Eindhoven (The Netherlands)
    2. Laboratory of Organic and Macromolecular Chemistry Friedrich-Schiller-University Jena Humboldtstr. 10, 07743 Jena (Germany)
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  • Andreas Winter,

    1. Laboratory of Macromolecular Chemistry and Nanoscience Eindhoven University of Technology P.O. Box 513, 5600 MB Eindhoven (The Netherlands)
    2. Dutch Polymer Institute (DPI) P.O. Box 902, 5600 AX Eindhoven (The Netherlands)
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  • Ulrich S. Schubert

    Corresponding author
    1. Laboratory of Macromolecular Chemistry and Nanoscience Eindhoven University of Technology P.O. Box 513, 5600 MB Eindhoven (The Netherlands)
    2. Dutch Polymer Institute (DPI) P.O. Box 902, 5600 AX Eindhoven (The Netherlands)
    3. Laboratory of Organic and Macromolecular Chemistry Friedrich-Schiller-University Jena Humboldtstr. 10, 07743 Jena (Germany)
    • Laboratory of Macromolecular Chemistry and Nanoscience Eindhoven University of Technology P.O. Box 513, 5600 MB Eindhoven (The Netherlands).
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Abstract

The recent developments in using iridium(III) complexes as phosphorescent emitters in electroluminescent devices, such as (white) organic light-emitting diodes and light-emitting electrochemical cells, are discussed. Additionally, applications in the emerging fields of molecular sensors, biolabeling, and photocatalysis are briefly evaluated. The basic strategies towards charged and non-charged iridium(III) complexes are summarized, and a wide range of assemblies is discussed. Small-molecule- and polymer-based materials are under intense investigation as emissive systems in electroluminescent devices, and special emphasis is placed on the latter with respect to synthesis, characterization, electro-optical properties, processing technologies, and performance.

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