Preparation of Open-Cage Fullerenes and Incorporation of Small Molecules Through Their Orifices

Authors

  • Liangbing Gan,

    Corresponding author
    1. Beijing National Laboratory for Molecular Sciences Key Laboratory of Bioorganic Chemistry and Molecular Engineering of the Ministry of Education Peking University Beijing 100871 (P.R. China)
    2. CAS Key Laboratory for Organic Solids Institute of Chemistry Chinese Academy of Sciences Beijing 100080 (P.R. China)
    • Beijing National Laboratory for Molecular Sciences Key Laboratory of Bioorganic Chemistry and Molecular Engineering of the Ministry of Education Peking University Beijing 100871 (P.R. China).
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  • Dazhi Yang,

    1. Beijing National Laboratory for Molecular Sciences Key Laboratory of Bioorganic Chemistry and Molecular Engineering of the Ministry of Education Peking University Beijing 100871 (P.R. China)
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  • Qianyan Zhang,

    1. CAS Key Laboratory for Organic Solids Institute of Chemistry Chinese Academy of Sciences Beijing 100080 (P.R. China)
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  • Huan Huang

    1. Beijing National Laboratory for Molecular Sciences Key Laboratory of Bioorganic Chemistry and Molecular Engineering of the Ministry of Education Peking University Beijing 100871 (P.R. China)
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  • Dedicated to the 100th anniversary of the College of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering of Peking University.

Abstract

Open-cage fullerenes can act as hosts for small molecules such as water, nitrogen, or hydrogen, forming endohedral fullerenes. Following a brief summary of carbon, nitrogen, and oxygen insertion in the fullerene framework to form homofullerenes, methods of creating a hole in the fullerene surface are surveyed. Techniques of hole enlargement and the insertion of atoms or molecules through the orifice to form endohedral fullerenes are described. Finally, the possibility of subsequent closure of the hole is considered.

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