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Advanced Materials

Direct Patterning of Oriented Metal–Organic Framework Crystals via Control over Crystallization Kinetics in Clear Precursor Solutions

Authors

  • Rob Ameloot,

    1. Department of Microbial and Molecular Systems Center for Surface Chemistry and Catalysis Katholieke Universiteit Leuven Kasteelpark Arenberg 23, B-3001 Leuven (Belgium)
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  • Elena Gobechiya,

    1. Department of Microbial and Molecular Systems Center for Surface Chemistry and Catalysis Katholieke Universiteit Leuven Kasteelpark Arenberg 23, B-3001 Leuven (Belgium)
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  • Hiroshi Uji-i,

    1. Department of Chemistry Katholieke Universiteit Leuven Celestijnenlaan 200F, B-3001 Leuven (Belgium)
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  • Johan A. Martens,

    1. Department of Microbial and Molecular Systems Center for Surface Chemistry and Catalysis Katholieke Universiteit Leuven Kasteelpark Arenberg 23, B-3001 Leuven (Belgium)
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  • Johan Hofkens,

    1. Department of Chemistry Katholieke Universiteit Leuven Celestijnenlaan 200F, B-3001 Leuven (Belgium)
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  • Luc Alaerts,

    1. Department of Microbial and Molecular Systems Center for Surface Chemistry and Catalysis Katholieke Universiteit Leuven Kasteelpark Arenberg 23, B-3001 Leuven (Belgium)
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  • Bert F. Sels,

    1. Department of Microbial and Molecular Systems Center for Surface Chemistry and Catalysis Katholieke Universiteit Leuven Kasteelpark Arenberg 23, B-3001 Leuven (Belgium)
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  • Dirk E. De Vos

    Corresponding author
    1. Department of Microbial and Molecular Systems Center for Surface Chemistry and Catalysis Katholieke Universiteit Leuven Kasteelpark Arenberg 23, B-3001 Leuven (Belgium)
    • Department of Microbial and Molecular Systems Center for Surface Chemistry and Catalysis Katholieke Universiteit Leuven Kasteelpark Arenberg 23, B-3001 Leuven (Belgium).
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Abstract

Processing metal–organic frameworks with spatial and temporal control over crystal formation will increase the applicability of these highly porous materials. By exploiting solvent effects, stable synthesis solutions can be obtained, which can be used in combination with soft lithographic techniques to deposit oriented crystals in patterns by in situ crystallization (see figure).

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