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A Water-Gate Organic Field-Effect Transistor



High-dielectric-constant insulators, organic monolayers, and electrolytes have been successfully used to generate organic field-effect transistors operating at low voltages. Here, we report on a device gated with pure water. By replacing the gate dielectric by a simple water droplet, we produce a transistor that entirely operates in the field-effect mode of operation at voltages lower than 1 V. This result creates opportunities for sensor applications using water-gated devices as transducing medium.

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