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Keywords:

  • graphene;
  • anisotropic etching;
  • graphene nanoribbons;
  • zigzag edges;
  • field-effect transistors
Thumbnail image of graphical abstract

A highly controllable, dry, anisotropic etching technique for graphene sheets has been achieved using hydrogen plasma etching. Zigzag edge formation was achieved by starting the etching at edges and defects and depends strongly on crystallographic orientation of the graphene. This dry, anisotropic etching approach combined with the standard lithographic technique is ideal for scalable graphene tailoring because the etching rates can be precisely controlled and the quality of the graphene can be preserved.