Advanced Materials

Epitaxial Graphene Growth by Carbon Molecular Beam Epitaxy (CMBE)

Authors

  • Jeongho Park,

    Corresponding author
    1. Air Force Research Laboratory, Materials and Manufacturing Directorate, AFRL/RXPS, Wright – Patterson Air Force Base, Ohio, 45433 (USA)
    • Air Force Research Laboratory, Materials and Manufacturing Directorate, AFRL/RXPS, Wright – Patterson Air Force Base, Ohio, 45433 (USA).
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  • William C. Mitchel,

    1. Air Force Research Laboratory, Materials and Manufacturing Directorate, AFRL/RXPS, Wright – Patterson Air Force Base, Ohio, 45433 (USA)
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  • Lawrence Grazulis,

    1. Air Force Research Laboratory, Materials and Manufacturing Directorate, AFRL/RXPS, Wright – Patterson Air Force Base, Ohio, 45433 (USA)
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  • Howard E. Smith,

    1. Air Force Research Laboratory, Materials and Manufacturing Directorate, AFRL/RXPS, Wright – Patterson Air Force Base, Ohio, 45433 (USA)
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  • Kurt G. Eyink,

    1. Air Force Research Laboratory, Materials and Manufacturing Directorate, AFRL/RXPS, Wright – Patterson Air Force Base, Ohio, 45433 (USA)
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  • John J. Boeckl,

    1. Air Force Research Laboratory, Materials and Manufacturing Directorate, AFRL/RXPS, Wright – Patterson Air Force Base, Ohio, 45433 (USA)
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  • David H. Tomich,

    1. Air Force Research Laboratory, Materials and Manufacturing Directorate, AFRL/RXPS, Wright – Patterson Air Force Base, Ohio, 45433 (USA)
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  • Shanee D. Pacley,

    1. Air Force Research Laboratory, Materials and Manufacturing Directorate, AFRL/RXPS, Wright – Patterson Air Force Base, Ohio, 45433 (USA)
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  • John. E. Hoelscher

    1. Air Force Research Laboratory, Materials and Manufacturing Directorate, AFRL/RXPS, Wright – Patterson Air Force Base, Ohio, 45433 (USA)
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Abstract

A novel growth method (carbon molecular beam epitaxy (CMBE)) has been developed to produce high-quality and large-area epitaxial graphene. This method demonstrates significantly improved controllability of the graphene growth. CMBE with C60 produces AB stacked graphene, while growth with the graphite filament results in non-Bernal stacked graphene layers with a Dirac-like electronic structure, which is similar to graphene grown by thermal decomposition on SiC (000-1).

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