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Controllable Synthesis of Metal–Organic Frameworks: From MOF Nanorods to Oriented MOF Membranes

Authors

  • Yan-Shuo Li,

    Corresponding author
    1. Institute of Physical Chemistry and Electrochemistry, and the Laboratory for Nano and Quantum Engineering (LNQE) in cooperation with the Center for Solid State Research and New Materials, Leibniz University Hannover, Callinstrasse 3A, 30167 Hannover (Germany)
    2. State Key Laboratory of Catalysis, Dalian Institute of Chemical Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Zhong-Shan Road 457, 116023 Dalian (P. R. China)
    • Institute of Physical Chemistry and Electrochemistry, and the Laboratory for Nano and Quantum Engineering (LNQE) in cooperation with the Center for Solid State Research and New Materials, Leibniz University Hannover, Callinstrasse 3A, 30167 Hannover (Germany).
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  • Helge Bux,

    1. Institute of Physical Chemistry and Electrochemistry, and the Laboratory for Nano and Quantum Engineering (LNQE) in cooperation with the Center for Solid State Research and New Materials, Leibniz University Hannover, Callinstrasse 3A, 30167 Hannover (Germany)
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  • Armin Feldhoff,

    Corresponding author
    1. Institute of Physical Chemistry and Electrochemistry, and the Laboratory for Nano and Quantum Engineering (LNQE) in cooperation with the Center for Solid State Research and New Materials, Leibniz University Hannover, Callinstrasse 3A, 30167 Hannover (Germany)
    • Institute of Physical Chemistry and Electrochemistry, and the Laboratory for Nano and Quantum Engineering (LNQE) in cooperation with the Center for Solid State Research and New Materials, Leibniz University Hannover, Callinstrasse 3A, 30167 Hannover (Germany).
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  • Guo-Ling Li,

    1. State Key Laboratory of Catalysis, Dalian Institute of Chemical Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Zhong-Shan Road 457, 116023 Dalian (P. R. China)
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  • Wei-Shen Yang,

    1. State Key Laboratory of Catalysis, Dalian Institute of Chemical Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Zhong-Shan Road 457, 116023 Dalian (P. R. China)
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  • Jürgen Caro

    1. Institute of Physical Chemistry and Electrochemistry, and the Laboratory for Nano and Quantum Engineering (LNQE) in cooperation with the Center for Solid State Research and New Materials, Leibniz University Hannover, Callinstrasse 3A, 30167 Hannover (Germany)
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Abstract

original image

Tailoring of the crystal size and morphology of metal–organic framework (MOF) materials and manipulation of MOF films is possible by the solvothermal synthesis route introduced here. A c-out-of-plane ZIF-7 membrane (see figure) is obtained through evolutionary selection in a van der Drift–type growth originating from randomly oriented seed layers. Highly oriented MOF thin films are important as molecular sieve membranes.

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