Get access

Recent Developments in Top-Emitting Organic Light-Emitting Diodes

Authors

  • Shufen Chen,

    1. Key Laboratory for Organic Electronics and Information Displays, (KLOEID) and Institute of Advanced Materials (IAM), Nanjing University of Posts and Telecommunications (NUPT), Nanjing 210046, (P. R. China)
    Search for more papers by this author
  • Lingling Deng,

    1. Key Laboratory for Organic Electronics and Information Displays, (KLOEID) and Institute of Advanced Materials (IAM), Nanjing University of Posts and Telecommunications (NUPT), Nanjing 210046, (P. R. China)
    Search for more papers by this author
  • Jun Xie,

    1. Key Laboratory for Organic Electronics and Information Displays, (KLOEID) and Institute of Advanced Materials (IAM), Nanjing University of Posts and Telecommunications (NUPT), Nanjing 210046, (P. R. China)
    Search for more papers by this author
  • Ling Peng,

    1. Key Laboratory for Organic Electronics and Information Displays, (KLOEID) and Institute of Advanced Materials (IAM), Nanjing University of Posts and Telecommunications (NUPT), Nanjing 210046, (P. R. China)
    Search for more papers by this author
  • Linghai Xie,

    1. Key Laboratory for Organic Electronics and Information Displays, (KLOEID) and Institute of Advanced Materials (IAM), Nanjing University of Posts and Telecommunications (NUPT), Nanjing 210046, (P. R. China)
    Search for more papers by this author
  • Quli Fan,

    1. Key Laboratory for Organic Electronics and Information Displays, (KLOEID) and Institute of Advanced Materials (IAM), Nanjing University of Posts and Telecommunications (NUPT), Nanjing 210046, (P. R. China)
    Search for more papers by this author
  • Wei Huang

    Corresponding author
    1. Key Laboratory for Organic Electronics and Information Displays, (KLOEID) and Institute of Advanced Materials (IAM), Nanjing University of Posts and Telecommunications (NUPT), Nanjing 210046, (P. R. China)
    • Key Laboratory for Organic Electronics and Information Displays, (KLOEID) and Institute of Advanced Materials (IAM), Nanjing University of Posts and Telecommunications (NUPT), Nanjing 210046, (P. R. China).
    Search for more papers by this author

Abstract

Organic light-emitting diodes (OLEDs) have rapidly progressed in recent years due to their unique characteristics and potential applications in flat panel displays. Significant advancements in top-emitting OLEDs have driven the development of large-size screens and microdisplays with high resolution and large aperture ratio. After a brief introduction to the architecture and types of top-emitting OLEDs, the microcavity theory typically used in top-emitting OLEDs is described in detail here. Then, methods for producing and understanding monochromatic (red, green, and blue) and white top-emitting OLEDs are summarized and discussed. Finally, the status of display development based on top-emitting OLEDs is briefly addressed.

Ancillary