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Polymorphic Meniscus Convergence for Construction of Quasi-Periodic Assemblies and Networks of Colloidal Nanoparticles

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Quasi-periodic colloidal networks are constructed on the basis of polymorphic meniscus convergence (MC) in an air-cavity-embedded, nano-colloidal system. Depending on the flow associated with the air-cavities, the colloidal particles are self-organized into nanowires through binary MC, Y-junctions through ternary MC, and X-junctions through quaternary MC. The colloidal networks in either square or hexagonal form reflect the flow symmetry according to the air-cavity deformation.

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