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Keywords:

  • bionanotechnology;
  • colloids;
  • core/shell nanoparticles;
  • hierarchical structures;
  • tissue engineering
Thumbnail image of graphical abstract

A novel one-pot in situ templating method of synthesizing micro- and mesoporous carbon (spheres) in oxygenic conditions is reported. The mesoporous carbon has an extremely high surface area (over 1600 m2 g−1). We also introduce, for the first time, lactate as a source of carbon, which is relatively inexpensive and bio-friendly. To achieve this, aerosol-based methods are employed to create a mesoporous and nanostructured carbon-based material with the ultimate goal of influencing human stem cell biology.