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Intrafibrillar Collagen Mineralization Produced by Biomimetic Hierarchical Nanoapatite Assembly



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Phosphorous-based templating analogs of extracellular matrix proteins are used as templates in conjunction with polycarboxylic acid-stabilized amorphous calcium phosphate nanoprecursors to create a highly ordered intrafibrillar apatite crystallite assembly within a collagen fibril. The assembly recapitulates the gap and overlap arrangement of collagen molecules.