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Advanced Materials

Semiconductor Self-Assembled Quantum Dots: Present Status and Future Trends

Authors

  • Pierre M. Petroff

    Corresponding author
    1. Materials Department and Electrical and Computer Engineering Department, University of California, Santa Barbara CA 93106, USA
    • Materials Department and Electrical and Computer Engineering Department, University of California, Santa Barbara CA 93106, USA.
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Abstract

Progress in controlling the size, shape, and composition of quantum dots (QDs) as well as their positioning will be crucial to further advances in the fields of quantum information and device applications. The growth of QDs into lattices using controlled positioning of the QD nucleation centers is a possible method. QD positioning is also much needed for further development of QD microcavities and photonic-crystal based devices that are used for quantum information applications. This article discusses the prospects for progress in these fields that may be realized if a better control over the positioning and self-positioning of quantum dots is achieved.

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