Interphases in Graphene Polymer-based Nanocomposites: Achievements and Challenges

Authors

  • Mauricio Terrones,

    1. Department of Physics, Department of Materials Science and Engineering, and Materials, Research Institute, the Pennsylvania, State University, University Park, PA 16802-6300, USA & Research Center for Exotic Nanocarbons (JST), Shinshu University, Wakasato 4-17-1, Nagano 380-8553, Japan
    Search for more papers by this author
  • Olga Martín,

    1. Materials Science and Engineering and Chemical Engineering Department, Universidad Carlos III de Madrid, Leganés (Madrid) 28911 Spain
    Search for more papers by this author
  • María González,

    1. Materials Science and Engineering and Chemical Engineering Department, Universidad Carlos III de Madrid, Leganés (Madrid) 28911 Spain
    Search for more papers by this author
  • Javier Pozuelo,

    1. Materials Science and Engineering and Chemical Engineering Department, Universidad Carlos III de Madrid, Leganés (Madrid) 28911 Spain
    Search for more papers by this author
  • Berna Serrano,

    1. Materials Science and Engineering and Chemical Engineering Department, Universidad Carlos III de Madrid, Leganés (Madrid) 28911 Spain
    Search for more papers by this author
  • Juan C. Cabanelas,

    1. Materials Science and Engineering and Chemical Engineering Department, Universidad Carlos III de Madrid, Leganés (Madrid) 28911 Spain
    Search for more papers by this author
  • Sofía M. Vega-Díaz,

    1. Research Center for Exotic Nanocarbons (JST), Shinshu University, Wakasato 4-17-1, Nagano 380-8553, Japan
    Search for more papers by this author
  • Juan Baselga

    Corresponding author
    1. Materials Science and Engineering and Chemical Engineering Department, Universidad Carlos III de Madrid, Leganés (Madrid) 28911 Spain
    • Materials Science and Engineering and Chemical Engineering Department, Universidad Carlos III de Madrid, Leganés (Madrid) 28911 Spain.
    Search for more papers by this author

Abstract

Graphene constitutes a two dimensional sp2 hybridized carbon material with outstanding electrical and mechanical properties. To date, novel methods for producing large quantities of graphene and its derivatives (doped or functionalized graphenes, nanoribbons and nanoplatelets) are emerging, and research dedicated to the fabrication of polymer nanocomposites using graphenes has started. In this Research News, we summarize the synthesis and properties of graphene and its derivatives, and provide an overview of the latest research dedicated to the fabrication of polymer composites for different applications, including mechanical, electrical, optical and thermal. Some of the recently fabricated composites exhibit outstanding properties, however, it is vital to understand the chemistry and physics of the interphases established between the polymer and the graphene surfaces. The challenges in the fabrication of super robust and highly conducting composites using graphenes are also discussed. It is believed that graphene-based polymer composites will result in commercial products if their interphases and reactivity are carefully controlled.

Ancillary