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Nanostructured Plasmonic Medium for Terahertz Bandwidth All-Optical Switching



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Periodic nanostructuring can enhance the optical nonlinearity of plasmonic metals by several orders of magnitude. By patterning a gold film, the largest sub-100 femtosecond nonlinearity is achieved, which is suitable for terahertz rate all-optical data processing as well as ultrafast optical limiters and saturable absorbers.