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Keywords:

  • organic photovoltaics;
  • ferroelectrics;
  • dipole;
  • open circuit voltage
Thumbnail image of graphical abstract

Ultrathin ferroelectric polyvinylidene fluoride (70%)-tetrafluoroethylene (30%) copolymer film is inserted between the poly3(hexylthiophene) (P3HT) donor and [6,6]-phenyl-C61-butyric acid methylester (PCBM) acceptor layers as the dipole layer to tune the relative energy levels, which can potentially maximize the open circuit voltage of bilayer organic solar cells. In this work, the power conversion efficiency of P3HT/PCBM bilayer solar cells is demonstrated to be doubled with the inserted dipoles.