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Keywords:

  • dynamic electrostatic lithography;
  • multiscale on-demand patterning;
  • concave pattern;
  • electro-mechanical instability
Thumbnail image of graphical abstract

Dynamic electrostatic lithography is invented to dynamically generate various patterns on large-area and curved polymer surfaces under the control of electrical voltages. The shape of the pattern can be tuned from random creases and craters to aligned creases, craters and lines, and the size of the pattern from millimeters to sub-micrometers.