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Keywords:

  • photovoltaic devices;
  • low bandgap polymers;
  • X-ray scattering;
  • resonant soft X-rays;
  • polymer solar cells
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Solar cell performance and morphology characterization of a diketopyrrolopyrrole-based low bandgap polymer is reported. The polymer adopts an H-type aggregation and solvent mixture processing gives a better morphology. The morphology evolution is characterized by combined GIXD and GISAXS experiments and a four step morphology development mechanism is proposed.