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Keywords:

  • superhydrophobic surfaces;
  • layer-by-layer;
  • covalent assembly;
  • azlactone;
  • reactive materials;
  • patterning
Thumbnail image of graphical abstract

An approach to the modification and post-fabrication chemical patterning of amine-reactive superhydrophobic surfaces is reported. The approach is based on the layer-by-layer fabrication of azlactone-containing polymer multilayers, and permits the direct covalent attachment and subsequent patterning of chemical and biological “inks” using a variety of pratical and low-cost pattern-transfer methods.