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A Wafer-Level Integrated White-Light-Emitting Diode Incorporating Colloidal Quantum Dots as a Nanocomposite Luminescent Material



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High-brightness, color-tunable colloidal quantum dots are incorporated in 3D nanoporous GaN to create a nanocomposite material (CQD/NP-GaN), which is demonstrated to be an effective approach for a wavelength down-conversion nanomaterial in solid-state lighting. The white-light-emitting diode (LED) made from a blue GaN-based LED and the CQD/NP-GaN shows an increase of extraction efficiency by a factor of 2, a controllable white color, and a down-conversion quantum efficiency as high as 82%.