SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

Keywords:

  • solar cell;
  • photovoltaic;
  • transparent electrode;
  • copper;
  • low work function
Thumbnail image of graphical abstract

A low-cost window electrode for organic photovoltaics that simultaneously removes the requirement for conducting oxide and conventional low work function electrodes and functions as a sink for oxygen/water in the heart of the device. Remarkably the functionality of this electrode, which is based on a 7.8 nm nanostructured Cu:Al film, improves upon in situ oxidation as demonstrated in bulk heterojunction organic photovoltaics.