Low lying excited states of the fullerene anion promote a faster charge separation in organic solar cells containing fullerene derivatives as electron acceptors. Alternative electron acceptors, not based on fullerenes but that share the same property, can be easily designed. On the other hand, it is unlikely for a generic electron acceptor to replicate this fullerene characteristic by chance.
If you can't find a tool you're looking for, please click the link at the top of the page to "Go to old article view". Alternatively, view our Knowledge Base articles for additional help. Your feedback is important to us, so please let us know if you have comments or ideas for improvement.