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Wet Chemical Synthesis of Graphene

Authors

  • Siegfried Eigler,

    Corresponding author
    1. Department of Chemistry and Pharmacy and Institute of Advanced Materials and Processes (ZMP), University Erlangen-Nürnberg, Henkestr. 42, 91054 Erlangen and Dr.-Mack Str. 81, 90762 Fürth, Germany
    Current affiliation:
    1. S.E. and M.E.-H. contributed equally to the manuscript.
    • Department of Chemistry and Pharmacy and Institute of Advanced Materials and Processes (ZMP), University Erlangen-Nürnberg, Henkestr. 42, 91054 Erlangen and Dr.-Mack Str. 81, 90762 Fürth, Germany.
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  • Michael Enzelberger-Heim,

    1. Department of Physics and Interdisciplinary, Center for Molecular Materials, University Erlangen-Nürnberg, Erwin-Rommel-Str. 1, 91058 Erlangen, Germany
    Current affiliation:
    1. S.E. and M.E.-H. contributed equally to the manuscript.
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  • Stefan Grimm,

    1. Department of Chemistry and Pharmacy and Institute of Advanced Materials and Processes (ZMP), University Erlangen-Nürnberg, Henkestr. 42, 91054 Erlangen and Dr.-Mack Str. 81, 90762 Fürth, Germany
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  • Philipp Hofmann,

    1. Department of Physics and Interdisciplinary, Center for Molecular Materials, University Erlangen-Nürnberg, Erwin-Rommel-Str. 1, 91058 Erlangen, Germany
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  • Wolfgang Kroener,

    1. Department of Physics and Interdisciplinary, Center for Molecular Materials, University Erlangen-Nürnberg, Erwin-Rommel-Str. 1, 91058 Erlangen, Germany
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  • Andreas Geworski,

    1. Department of Physics and Interdisciplinary, Center for Molecular Materials, University Erlangen-Nürnberg, Erwin-Rommel-Str. 1, 91058 Erlangen, Germany
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  • Christoph Dotzer,

    1. Department of Chemistry and Pharmacy and Institute of Advanced Materials and Processes (ZMP), University Erlangen-Nürnberg, Henkestr. 42, 91054 Erlangen and Dr.-Mack Str. 81, 90762 Fürth, Germany
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  • Michael Röckert,

    1. Department of Chemistry and Pharmacy, Physical Chemistry II, University Erlangen-Nürnberg, Egerlandstr. 3, 91058 Erlangen, Germany
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  • Jie Xiao,

    1. Department of Chemistry and Pharmacy, Physical Chemistry II, University Erlangen-Nürnberg, Egerlandstr. 3, 91058 Erlangen, Germany
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  • Christian Papp,

    1. Department of Chemistry and Pharmacy, Physical Chemistry II, University Erlangen-Nürnberg, Egerlandstr. 3, 91058 Erlangen, Germany
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  • Ole Lytken,

    1. Department of Chemistry and Pharmacy, Physical Chemistry II, University Erlangen-Nürnberg, Egerlandstr. 3, 91058 Erlangen, Germany
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  • Hans-Peter Steinrück,

    1. Department of Chemistry and Pharmacy, Physical Chemistry II, University Erlangen-Nürnberg, Egerlandstr. 3, 91058 Erlangen, Germany
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  • Paul Müller,

    1. Department of Physics and Interdisciplinary, Center for Molecular Materials, University Erlangen-Nürnberg, Erwin-Rommel-Str. 1, 91058 Erlangen, Germany
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  • Andreas Hirsch

    1. Department of Chemistry and Pharmacy and Institute of Advanced Materials and Processes (ZMP), University Erlangen-Nürnberg, Henkestr. 42, 91054 Erlangen and Dr.-Mack Str. 81, 90762 Fürth, Germany
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Abstract

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A suitable technology for the preparation of graphene based on versatile wet chemistry is presented for the first time. The protocol allows the wet chemical synthesis of graphene from a new form of graphene oxide that consists of an intact hexagonal σ-framework of C-atoms. Thus, it can be easily reduced to graphene that is no longer dominated by defects.

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