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Keywords:

  • gold nanoparticles;
  • red blood cells;
  • surface functionalization;
  • biomimetics;
  • nanomedicine
Thumbnail image of graphical abstract

Gold nanoparticles are enclosed in cellular membranes derived from natural red blood cells (RBCs) by a top-down approach. The gold nanoparticles exhibit a complete membrane surface layer and biological characteristics of the source cells. The combination of inorganic gold nanoparticles with biological membranes is a compelling way to develop biomimetic gold nanostructures for future applications, such as those requiring evasion of the immune system.