Modulation of band bending at a complex oxide heterointerface by a ferroelectric layer is demonstrated. The as-grown polarization (Pup) leads to charge depletion and consequently low conduction. Switching the polarization direction (Pdown) results in charge accumulation and enhances the conduction at the interface. The metal–insulator transition at a conducting polar/nonpolar oxide heterointerface can be controlled by ferroelectric doping.
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