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Keywords:

  • gold nanoparticles;
  • bipyramids;
  • rhombic dodecahedra;
  • refractive index sensing;
  • density gradient centrifugation;
  • localized surface plasmon resonance
Thumbnail image of graphical abstract

A centrifugal route for separating small {110}-faceted gold nanostructures, namely rhombic dodecahedra (RD) and triangular bipyramids (BPs), which form simultaneously during synthesis and cannot be separated by means of conventional filtration methods, is presented. The centrifuged solution shows two distinct bands: i) RD and ii) BPs, as verified in the corresponding scanning electron microscopy images. The sorted BPs show a refractive index dependence 2.5 times that of the as-synthesized, unsorted mixture.