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Advanced Materials

Bioinspired Conical Copper Wire with Gradient Wettability for Continuous and Efficient Fog Collection

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Abstract

Inspired by the efficient fog collection on cactus spines, conical copper wires with gradient wettability are fabricated through gradient electrochemical corrosion and subsequent gradient chemical modification. These dual-gradient copper wires’ fog-collection ability is demonstrated to be higher than that of conical copper wires with pure hydrophobic surfaces or pure hydrophilic surfaces, and the underlying mechanism is also analyzed.

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