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Advanced Materials

Amorphous Photonic Crystals with Only Short-Range Order

Authors

  • Lei Shi,

    1. Department of Physics, Key Laboratory of Micro & Nano Photonic Structures (MOE) and Key Laboratory of Surface Physics, Fudan University, Shanghai 200433, P. R. China
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  • Yafeng Zhang,

    1. Department of Physics, Key Laboratory of Micro & Nano Photonic Structures (MOE) and Key Laboratory of Surface Physics, Fudan University, Shanghai 200433, P. R. China
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  • Biqin Dong,

    1. Department of Physics, Key Laboratory of Micro & Nano Photonic Structures (MOE) and Key Laboratory of Surface Physics, Fudan University, Shanghai 200433, P. R. China
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  • Tianrong Zhan,

    1. Department of Physics, Key Laboratory of Micro & Nano Photonic Structures (MOE) and Key Laboratory of Surface Physics, Fudan University, Shanghai 200433, P. R. China
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  • Xiaohan Liu,

    Corresponding author
    1. Department of Physics, Key Laboratory of Micro & Nano Photonic Structures (MOE) and Key Laboratory of Surface Physics, Fudan University, Shanghai 200433, P. R. China
    • Department of Physics, Key Laboratory of Micro & Nano Photonic Structures (MOE) and Key Laboratory of Surface Physics, Fudan University, Shanghai 200433, P. R. China.

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  • Jian Zi

    Corresponding author
    1. Department of Physics, Key Laboratory of Micro & Nano Photonic Structures (MOE) and Key Laboratory of Surface Physics, Fudan University, Shanghai 200433, P. R. China
    • Department of Physics, Key Laboratory of Micro & Nano Photonic Structures (MOE) and Key Laboratory of Surface Physics, Fudan University, Shanghai 200433, P. R. China.

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Abstract

Distinct from conventional photonic crystals with both short- and long-range order, amorphous photonic crystals that possess only short-range order show interesting optical responses owing to their unique structural features. Amorphous photonic crystals exhibit unique light scattering and transport, which lead to a variety of interesting phenomena such as isotropic photonic bandgaps or pseudogaps, noniridescent structural colors, and light localization. Recent experimental and theoretical advances in the study of amorphous photonic crystals are summarized, focusing on their unique optical properties, artificial fabrication, bionspiration, and potential applications.

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