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Advanced Materials

The Role of Additive in Diketopyrrolopyrrole-Based Small Molecular Bulk Heterojunction Solar Cells



A new diketopyrrolopyrrole-based small molecule for solution-processed OPVs is synthesized. The chemical additive has a profound effect in refining the morphology and, thus, significantly increases the efficiencies of the devices. The role of the additive is characterized by various techniques and the additive-driven structure–property relationship is established, which reveals that the additive affects the crystallization, PCBM aggregation, and phase separation.

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