25th Anniversary Article: Materials for High-Performance Biodegradable Semiconductor Devices

Authors

  • Suk-Won Hwang,

    1. Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Frederick Seitz Materials Research Laboratory, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, IL, USA
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  • Gayoung Park,

    1. Global Research Laboratory, Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Korea University College of Medicine, Seoul, Republic of Korea
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  • Huanyu Cheng,

    1. Department of Mechanical Engineering, Civil and Environmental Engineering, Center for Engineering and Health and Skin Disease Research Center, Northwestern University, Evanston, IL, USA
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  • Jun-Kyul Song,

    1. Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Frederick Seitz Materials Research Laboratory, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, IL, USA
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  • Seung-Kyun Kang,

    1. Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Frederick Seitz Materials Research Laboratory, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, IL, USA
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  • Lan Yin,

    1. Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Frederick Seitz Materials Research Laboratory, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, IL, USA
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  • Jae-Hwan Kim,

    1. Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Frederick Seitz Materials Research Laboratory, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, IL, USA
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  • Fiorenzo G. Omenetto,

    1. Department of Biomedical Engineering, Tufts University, Medford, MA, USA
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  • Yonggang Huang,

    1. Department of Mechanical Engineering, Civil and Environmental Engineering, Center for Engineering and Health and Skin Disease Research Center, Northwestern University, Evanston, IL, USA
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  • Kyung-Mi Lee,

    Corresponding author
    1. Global Research Laboratory, Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Korea University College of Medicine, Seoul, Republic of Korea
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  • John A. Rogers

    Corresponding author
    1. Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Chemistry, Mechanical Science and Engineering Electrical and Computer Engineering, Beckman Institute for Advanced Science and Technology and Frederick Seitz Materials Research Laboratory, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, IL, USA
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Abstract

We review recent progress in a class of silicon-based electronics that is capable of complete, controlled dissolution when immersed in water or bio-fluids. This type of technology, referred to in a broader sense as transient electronics, has potential applications in resorbable biomedical devices, eco-friendly electronics, environmental sensors, secure hardware systems and others. New results reported here include studies of the kinetics of hydrolysis of nanomembranes of single crystalline silicon in bio-fluids and aqueous solutions at various pH levels and temperatures. Evaluations of toxicity using live animal models and test coupons of transient electronic materials provide some evidence of their biocompatibility, thereby suggesting potential for use in bioresorbable electronic implants.

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