Shifting Networks to Achieve Subgroup Symmetry Properties




A simple method for the preparation of nanomaterials with new functionality by physical displacement of a network phase is suggested, giving a change in space group symmetry and hence properties. A double gyroid structure made by the self-assembly of block copolymers is used as a model system for the demonstration of shifting networks to achieve single gyroid-like scattering properties. Free-standing single gyroid-like network materials can be fabricated to give nanophotonic properties, similar to the photonic properties of a butterfly wing structure.