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Ridge Localizations and Networks in Thin Films Compressed by the Incremental Release of a Large Equi-biaxial Pre-stretch in the Substrate



Two-dimensional ridge structures are induced by equi-biaxial compression with large equi-biaxial pre-stretch in a thin film by using a micro-fluidics technique. Whereas wrinkles tend to be uniformly distributed, ridges are localized. The wrinkle-to-ridge transition is unstable (subcritical), resulting in large amplitude changes. The nature and morphology of the ridges is studied and quantified by experiments and numerical simulations.

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