Ionic Liquid-Assisted Synthesis of Microporous Carbon Nanosheets for Use in High Rate and Long Cycle Life Supercapacitors




Microporous carbon sheets with precisely controlled thickness, narrow pores, short diffusion paths, high electrical conductive networks, and good wettability are synthesized using very low amounts of graphene sheets as a shape-directing agent via an ionic liquid-assisted surface coating method. When used as the electrode for supercapacitors, the sheets demonstrate excellent rate capability, good cycle stability, high specific capacitance, and high energy/power density.