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Interfacial Material System Exhibiting Superwettability

Authors

  • Ye Tian,

    1. Beijing National Laboratory for Molecular Sciences (BNLMS), Key Laboratory of Organic Solids, Institute of Chemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences (ICCAS), Beijing, P. R. China
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    • These authors contributed equally to this work

  • Bin Su,

    1. Beijing National Laboratory for Molecular Sciences (BNLMS), Key Laboratory of Organic Solids, Institute of Chemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences (ICCAS), Beijing, P. R. China
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    • These authors contributed equally to this work

  • Lei Jiang

    Corresponding author
    1. Beijing National Laboratory for Molecular Sciences (BNLMS), Key Laboratory of Organic Solids, Institute of Chemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences (ICCAS), Beijing, P. R. China
    2. School of Chemistry and Environment, Beihang University, Beijing, P. R. China
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Abstract

Engineering the wettability of solid materials is a traditional, yet key issue in surface science and attracts tremendous interest by researchers in diverse fields. Recently, different superwetting phenomena have been discovered in both nature and experimental results. Therefore, in this review, various superwetting states, leading to a “superwettability” system, are summarized and predicted. Fundamental rules for understanding superwettability are discussed, mainly taking superhydrophobicity in air as an example. Then, some recent application progress of individual members of this “superwettability” system are introduced. Notably, several novel application fields, mainly gas, water, oil and/or other liquid environments, are presented in the following section. By combining different members of this “superwettability” system, new interfacial functions can be generated, allowing unexpected applications, such as in environmental protection, energy, green industry, and many other important domains. Finally, the future development of this interesting “superwettability” system is discussed.

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