Defect-Driven Interfacial Electronic Structures at an Organic/Metal-Oxide Semiconductor Heterojunction (pages 4711–4716)
Paul Winget, Laura K. Schirra, David Cornil, Hong Li, Veaceslav Coropceanu, Paul F. Ndione, Ajaya K. Sigdel, David S. Ginley, Joseph J. Berry, Jaewon Shim, Hyungchui Kim, Bernard Kippelen, Jean-Luc Brédas and Oliver L. A. Monti
Article first published online: 15 MAY 2014 | DOI: 10.1002/adma.201305351
The electronic structure of the hybrid interface between ZnO and the prototypical organic semiconductor PTCDI is investigated via a combination of ultraviolet and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (UPS/XPS) and density functional theory (DFT) calculations. The interfacial electronic interactions lead to a large interface dipole due to substantial charge transfer from ZnO to 3,4,9,10-perylenetetracarboxylicdiimide (PTCDI), which can be properly described only when accounting for surface defects that confer ZnO its n-type properties.