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Keywords:

  • multifunctional graphene;
  • magnetic resonance imaging (MRI);
  • photoacoustics;
  • photothermal therapy;
  • drug delivery
Thumbnail image of graphical abstract

Fluorinated graphene oxide (FGO) is reported for the first time as a magnetically responsive drug carrier that can serve both as a magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and photoacoustic contrast agent, under preclinical settings, and as a type of photothermal therapy. Its hydrophilic nature facilitates biocompatibility. FGO as a broad wavelength absorber, with high charge transfer and strong non-linear scattering is optimal for NIR laser-induced hyperthermia.