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Keywords:

  • superhydrophobicity;
  • tunable wettability;
  • carbon nanotubes;
  • corona discharge;
  • interfacial droplet transport
Thumbnail image of graphical abstract

Tunable wettability of carbon nanotube (CNT) arrays on the nanoscale is the key to move water droplets on such surfaces on a macroscopic scale. A novel type of superhydrophobic CNT surface for guided droplet transport, a key issue for future microfluidic systems, is demonstrated. It is accomplished by tailoring the required surface roughness using a process employing CNT regrowth, chemical passivation, and corona discharge.