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A Broadband Negative Index Metamaterial at Optical Frequencies

Authors

  • Ashwin C. Atre,

    Corresponding author
    • Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Stanford University, Stanford, CA, USA
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  • Aitzol García-Etxarri,

    1. Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Stanford University, Stanford, CA, USA
    2. IKERBASQUE, Basque Foundation for Science, Bilbao, Spain
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  • Hadiseh Alaeian,

    1. Department of Electrical Engineering, Stanford University, Stanford, CA, USA
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  • Jennifer A. Dionne

    1. Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Stanford University, Stanford, CA, USA
    2. Stanford Institute for Materials and Energy Sciences, SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, Menlo Park, CA, USA
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E-mail: aatre@stanford.edu

Abstract

A broadband metamaterial presenting negative indices across hundreds of nanometers in the visible and near-infrared spectral regimes is demonstrated theoretically, using transformation optics to design the metamaterial constituents. The approach begins with an infinite plasmonic waveguide that supports a broadband but dark (i.e, not easily optically accessed) negative index mode. Conformal mapping of this waveguide to a finite split-ring-resonator-type structure transforms this mode into a bright (i.e, efficiently excited) resonance composed of degenerate electric and magnetic dipoles. A periodic array of such resonators exhibits negative refractive indices at optical frequencies in multiple regions exceeding 200 nm in bandwidth. The metamaterial response is confirmed through simulations of plane-wave refraction through a metamaterial prism. These results illustrate the power of transformation optics for new metamaterial designs and provide a foundation for future broadband metamaterial devices.

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