Recyclable Polymer- and Silica-Supported Ruthenium(II)-Salen Bis-pyridine Catalysts for the Asymmetric Cyclopropanation of Olefins

Authors

  • Christopher S. Gill,

    1. School of Chemical & Biomolecular Engineering, Georgia Institute of Technology, 311 Ferst Drive NW, Atlanta, Georgia 30332, USA, Fax: (+1)-404-894-2866; phone: (+1)-404-385-1683
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  • Krishnan Venkatasubbaiah,

    1. School of Chemical & Biomolecular Engineering, Georgia Institute of Technology, 311 Ferst Drive NW, Atlanta, Georgia 30332, USA, Fax: (+1)-404-894-2866; phone: (+1)-404-385-1683
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  • Christopher W. Jones

    1. School of Chemical & Biomolecular Engineering, Georgia Institute of Technology, 311 Ferst Drive NW, Atlanta, Georgia 30332, USA, Fax: (+1)-404-894-2866; phone: (+1)-404-385-1683
    2. School of Chemistry and Biochemistry, Georgia Institute of Technology, 901 Atlantic Dr., Atlanta, Georgia 30332, USA
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Abstract

original image

Homogeneous ruthenium(II)-salen bis-pyridine complexes are known to be highly active and selective catalysts for the asymmetric cyclopropanation of terminal olefins. Here, new methods of heterogenization of these Ru-salen catalysts on polymer and porous silica supports are demonstrated for the facile recovery and recycle of these expensive catalysts. Activities, selectivities, and recyclabilities are investigated and compared to the analogous homogeneous and other supported catalysts for asymmetric cyclopropanation reactions. The catalysts are characterized with a variety of methods including solid state cross-polarization magic-angle spinning (CP MAS) 13C and 29Si NMR, FT-IR, elemental analysis, and thermogravimetric analysis. Initial investigations produced catalysts possessing high selectivities but decreasing activities upon reuse. Addition of excess pyridine during the washing steps between cycles was observed to maintain high catalytic activities over multiple cycles with no impact on selectivity. Polymer-supported catalysts showed superior activity and selectivity compared to the porous silica-supported catalyst. Additionally, a longer, flexible linker between the Ru-salen catalyst and support was observed to increase enantioselectivity and diastereoselectivity, but had no effect on activity of the resin catalysts. Furthermore, the polymer-supported Ru-salen-Py2 catalysts were found to generate superior selectivities and yields compared to other leading heterogeneous asymmetric cyclopropanation catalysts.

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