Ionic Liquids-Based Catalysis with Solids: State of the Art

Authors

  • Yanlong Gu,

    1. Institute of Physical Chemistry and Industrial Catalysis, School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, 1037 Luoyu road, Hongshan District, Wuhan 430074, People's Republic of China
    2. Hubei Key Laboratory of Material Chemistry and Service Failure, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan 430074, People's Republic of China, Fax: (+86)-27-8754-4532
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  • Guangxing Li

    1. Institute of Physical Chemistry and Industrial Catalysis, School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, 1037 Luoyu road, Hongshan District, Wuhan 430074, People's Republic of China
    2. Hubei Key Laboratory of Material Chemistry and Service Failure, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan 430074, People's Republic of China, Fax: (+86)-27-8754-4532
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Abstract

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Topics related to ionic liquid (IL)-based catalysis with solids not only open new ways for studies of heterogeneous catalysts, but also minimize many of the negative effects that current ILs have encountered. This review evaluates the various examples in solid-based heterogeneous catalytic systems that have been developed with the aid of ILs. Catalysis over ready-made solid catalysts in the presence of ILs, immobilizations of homogeneous organic and organometallic catalysts with the concepts of supported ionic liquid phase catalysis, metal nanoparticles catalysts in ILs, catalysis over supported ILs as well as metal complexes and the preparation of solid catalysts by using ILs as solvents have been described. In several cases, detailed information on the performance concerning catalytic activity and recyclability is available.

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