A mesoporous LTA zeolite (MP-LTA)-supported palladium catalyst was developed for the highly efficient Suzuki–Miyaura reaction of aryl and heteroaryl chlorides. The couplings of various aryl chlorides with arylboronic acids in aqueous ethanol were efficiently achieved in the presence of 1.0 mol% of the catalyst. Furthermore, the scope of this catalyst was extended to the coupling of heteroaryl chlorides. Regardless of the substituents, all of the coupling reactions were very clean and highly efficient under mild heating. It shows that our catalyst is one of the most powerful heterogeneous catalysts for the coupling of a wide range of aryl and heteroaryl chlorides. The catalyst could be repetitively used at least 10 times without a significant loss of its catalytic activity. Compared to mesoporous SBA-15 and MCM-41 materials, the MP-LTA support proved to be very stable and robust to prevent degradation upon reuse.