Organocatalyzed Conjugate Addition of Carbonyl Compounds to Nitrodienes/Nitroenynes and Synthetic Applications



The purpose of this study is to point out the synthetic utility of a new class of Michael acceptors (nitrodienes and nitroenynes). The highly enantioselective organocatalytic Michael addition of carbonyl compounds to these functionalized nitroolefins has been carried out in the presence of (S)-diphenylprolinol silyl ether to achieve some interesting building blocks in high selectivities. The adducts thus obtained can be easily converted by taking advantage of the corresponding unsaturated carbon-carbon bond. In presence of the double bond, metathesis or electrophilic activation could be carried out whereas in the presence of the triple bond electrophilic activation could be conducted. We thus focused on a gold-catalyzed cyclization of the bis-homopropargylic alcohol to afford the corresponding substituted tetrahydrofuran. Then, we also demonstrated that organic and gold catalysts were compatible in a one-pot process. Indeed, we developed a one-pot enantioselective organocatalytic Michael addition to a nitroenyne followed by a gold-catalyzed acetalization/cyclization to achieve tetrahydrofuranyl ethers in high diastereo- and enantioselectivities with excellent yields.