In this work, it is demonstrated that bimolecular recombination depends on the distance that free carriers are required to travel in transit to the electrodes in bulk heterojunction organic solar cells. By employing semi-transparent devices, the carrier transport distance can be controlled via the local light absorption profile with an appropriate choice of the illumination side and incident wavelength. Using a series of light intensity-dependent measurements, bimolecular recombination is shown to depend on the distance electrons or holes are required to transit the active layer. This effect is demonstrated for three different bulk heterojunction blends, where the restrictive carrier that causes the onset of recombination is identified. The mobility-lifetime products of the limiting carriers are also estimated using a simple model for carrier extraction, where similar values are obtained regardless of the absorption profile. Implications for 1-sun performance are also discussed, which provide guidelines for fabricating devices with thicker active layers capable of maximizing light absorption without succumbing to recombination losses.