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Doping-Induced Screening of the Built-in-Field in Organic Solar Cells: Effect on Charge Transport and Recombination

Authors

  • Ardalan Armin,

    1. Centre for Organic Photonics & Electronics (COPE), School of Chemistry and Molecular Biosciences and School of Mathematics and Physics, The University of Queensland, Brisbane 4072, Australia
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  • Gytis Juska,

    1. Department of Solid State Electronics, Vilnius University, 10222 Vilnius, Lithuania
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  • Bronson W. Philippa,

    1. School of Engineering and Physical Sciences, James Cook University, Townsville 4811, Australia
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  • Paul L. Burn,

    1. Centre for Organic Photonics & Electronics (COPE), School of Chemistry and Molecular Biosciences and School of Mathematics and Physics, The University of Queensland, Brisbane 4072, Australia
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  • Paul Meredith,

    1. Centre for Organic Photonics & Electronics (COPE), School of Chemistry and Molecular Biosciences and School of Mathematics and Physics, The University of Queensland, Brisbane 4072, Australia
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  • Ronald D. White,

    1. School of Engineering and Physical Sciences, James Cook University, Townsville 4811, Australia
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  • Almantas Pivrikas

    Corresponding author
    1. Centre for Organic Photonics & Electronics (COPE), School of Chemistry and Molecular Biosciences and School of Mathematics and Physics, The University of Queensland, Brisbane 4072, Australia
    • Centre for Organic Photonics & Electronics (COPE), School of Chemistry and Molecular Biosciences and School of Mathematics and Physics, The University of Queensland, Brisbane 4072, Australia.
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Abstract

We report on the effects of screening of the electric field by doping-induced mobile charges on photocurrent collection in operational organic solar cells. Charge transport and recombination were studied using double injection (DI) and charge extraction by linearly increasing voltage (CELIV) transient techniques in bulk-heterojunction solar cells made from acceptor-donor blends of poly(3-n-hexylthiophene):phenyl-C61-butyric acid methyl ester (P3HT:PC60BM). It is shown that the screening of the built-in field in operational solar cells can be controlled by an external voltage while the influence on charge transport and recombination is measured. An analytical theory to extract the bimolecular recombination coefficient as a function of electric field from the injection current is also reported. The results demonstrate that the suppressed (non-Langevin) bimolecular recombination rate and charge collection are not strongly affected by native doping levels in this materials combination. Hence, it is not necessary to reduce the level of doping further to improve the device performance of P3HT-based solar cells.

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