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Harnessing Steric Separation of Freshly Nucleated Li2S Nanoparticles for Bottom-Up Assembly of High-Performance Cathodes for Lithium-Sulfur and Lithium-Ion Batteries




A nanostructured C-Li2S composite nanopowder is prepared via a scalable, high-throughput solution-processing method based on the steric separation of freshly nucleated Li2S nanoparticles and their self-assembling. Each 100–200 nm particle is composed of smaller 5–20 nm Li2S nanoparticles uniformly distributed within a rigid carbon matrix. When used as a cathode material for Li cells, this composite demonstrates high rate performance, near-theoretical capacity utilization, and excellent cycle stability.