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Keywords:

  • ammonia decomposition;
  • porous anodic alumina;
  • microreactor;
  • ruthenium;
  • microreactor

Abstract

The synthesis and properties are described of a ruthenium-impregnated anodic aluminum catalyst for use in microreactors for the production of hydrogen from an ammonia feed. The catalyst structure was synthesized using microelectric discharge machining to create a series of 300 × 300-μm posts on an aluminum substrate. The posts were anodized to yield a 60-μm covering of anodic alumina, with an average surface area of 16 m2/gm and an average pore size of 50 nm. Ruthenium metal was dispersed on the alumina using conventional wet impregnation. A 0.9 × 0.9-cm reactor containing 250 posts decomposed 95% of anhydrous ammonia at 650°C to yield 15 sccm of hydrogen. A possible application of these microreactor fabrication methods is hydrogen generation for fuel cells in mobile power production. 2004 American Institute of Chemical Engineers AIChE J, 50:829–834, 2004